Folk songs can often be classified into different types. The first group, which consists of the simplest instruments, includes those that European folk cultures share with many tribal cultures around the world. 10 people chose this as the best definition of folk-song: A song made and handed do... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. The Finnish Kalevala stimulated 19th-century interest in epic poetry and was influential in works such as Henry Longfellow’s The Song of Hiawatha. The first major composer of this protest music, Woody Guthrie, was said to have composed more than 1,000 folk songs (including “This Land Is Your Land” and “Union Maid,” the latter set to a traditional German tune); they are identified as folk songs because they voice the concerns of the rural and working-class “folk,” are stylistically similar to older folk songs, and were performed with acoustic guitar accompaniment. Where a folk song originated is rarely known to its community, and thus the anonymity of the creative process was once considered a major criterion of folk music identification. Some of these are the violins (e.g., the Hardanger fiddle) with sympathetic strings found in Scandinavia (related to the viola d’amore) and the hurdy-gurdy, derived from the medieval organistrum and still played in France. Formed in 1965 by husband and wife John and Michelle Phillips, the group became whole with the addition of Denny Doherty and Cass Elliot, who were already bandmates in another group called The Mugwumps. The characteristics of folk song - 2309121 Answer:Where a folk song originated is rarely known to its community, and thus the anonymity of the creative process was once considered a major criterion of folk music identification. The Russian and Ukrainian epic traditions include ornamented singing, often improvised, in which refrains were sometimes sung polyphonically by the audience. Epic folk singing, once widespread throughout Europe and in western and southern Asia, had three main European traditions that persisted in the 20th century: Russian, Finnish, and Balkan. Children’s game songs, lullabies, counting-out rhymes, and nursery rhymes use limited scales and rhythms and small melodic range, and they may consist of only one musical line repeated many times. An important characteristic of a song or piece in traditional folk culture is, thus, its dependence on acceptance by a community—that is, by a village, nation, or family—and its tendency to change as it is passed from one individual to another and performed. The fourth group, which is probably of greatest importance, comprises instruments taken from urban musical culture and from the traditions of classical and popular music and then sometimes changed substantially. generation to generation. Styles of accompaniment in western Europe appear to have changed over the last thousand years. Similar forms are found in eastern Europe, where the use of a melodic line at successively higher or lower levels is also important (indicated here by a superscript number indicating interval of transposition upward and a subscript number indicating interval of transposition downward). Small scale and usually found in isolated, rural areas. 89-94. Any new song would be likely to undergo this process of communal re-creation. From western Asian predecessors, the folk oboes of the Balkan countries and possibly bagpipes were derived; from Africa came the banjo and the xylophone; and of Central Asian derivation were folk fiddles such as the southern Slavic one-stringed gusla. These songs, which might qualify as a predecessor of the “popular music” genre, were usually called “broadside ballads,” because they were printed on large sheets along with advertisements and sold on the streets. Folk music is music for everybody to play and listen to. 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